After every disaster, the world renews its opportunity to respond more effectively while drawing from past experiences and avoiding past mistakes. As extreme weather worsens, people’s understanding of a disaster’s scope and effect evolves as well.
According to the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reductions, there has been a rise in climate-related disasters during the past 20 years. Between 1980 and 1999, there were 3,656 climate-related events, as opposed to 6,681 between 2000 and 2019. Those differences are reflected in the number of floods, which has more than doubled in the past 20 years, while the incidence of storms in-creased from around 1,457 to around 2,034.
Disaster management, which encompasses the field of emergency assistance and long-term maintenance for refugees and displaced persons affected by disasters, is a field that is highly specialized and requires not only many development skills but also a broader awareness of cultural, political, architectural, legal,
and humanitarian issues. This research entails the causes of these disasters, the construction and assembling techniques of resilient architectre, how they can be used flexibly during and off-seasons and how these calamities can memoni-tored and regulated to minimize on the negative effects and outcomes.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
This chapter analyzes the introduction to the research's topic, as well as the problem statement, research objectives, scope, and limitations. In this section, I highlight the study's history and the field of disaster management in Marigat - Baringo County. The research aims, research questions, and importance of the study are then presented. It also emphasizes the re-search approach, which includes data gathering, recording, and analysis techniques. There are also several flaws in the study that are brought out. The chapter concludes with the organization of the thesis.
Globally, natural disasters kill about 60,000 people on average per year and these disasters are responsible for 0.1% of deaths in the last ten years 1 while over 150 million are impacted by them worldwide. Examples of natural di-sasters around the world include: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, wildfires and droughts. Historically, floods and droughts were the top and most fatal disasters and this has currently been on the return in different parts of the world.