Counter-terrorism resilience in educational buildings.

The topic of this study is an enquiry in to the resilience status of education buildings within institutions
of higher education in Kenya to terrorism attacks. Since the onset of the 21st century, the world has
been characterised by a global threat in the form of terrorism. The tragic attacks of September 11th,
2001 on the twin towers in the United States of America clearly demonstrated the extent terror
groups were willing to go to achieve their goals. In Kenya, the attack on the US embassy in 1998
ushered us into the fight against terrorism. Consequent and arguably, worse attacks have surged in
the recent past and the debate on counter terrorism is long overdue within all agencies concerned.
These agencies range from the government, military, police, private security firms, built environment
practitioners, non governmental organizations and the general public.
Unfortunately, with regard to the counter-terrorism debate, insignificant attention has been paid
to the role of the built environment professionals in mitigating terrorism attacks. This happens in
spite of the crowded places within the built environment being the primary targets. These places
provide attractive targets due to their ease of access, little protective security, prospect for high
casualty rates and political impact in the event of a successful attack. These professionals bear
considerable responsibility as creators of the built environment , of ensuring the buildings designed
and constructed are safe with respect to terrorism attacks in all their manifestations. Therefore,
providing benchmarks on protective measures in buildings is an essential undertaking to encourage
design and construction of terrorism resilient buildings.
One of the attractive terrorist targets globally and more specifically in Kenya are higher education
institutions. The 2015 attack on Garissa university college exposes the vulnerability existent within
these institutions. This thesis therefore focuses on buildings within institutions of higher education
in Kenya. It investigates the current counter terrorism status of the buildings by conducting a
vulnerability assessment. It further investigates ways of improving protective security of higher
institution buildings through design and planning by exploring both local and international case
studies.

Documentation : 

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