Inclusive Technical Training Institutions

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Technical and Vocational Education and Training [TVET] is an education, training or learning activity which provides knowledge, skills and attitudes relevant for employment or self- employment; and describes all kinds of formal and informal training, see Fig. 1-1 and Fig. 1-2; and learning wherever it occurs – institutes, training centers or in the workplace/site of production [www.vanuatutvet.org.vu].

Technical Training Institutions are meant to prepare students for careers that are based on manual or practical activities to equip them for a specific trade, occupation or vocation. [Nunya Y. Tetty [2008].

Inclusive Education on the other hand is a process for increasing participation and reducing exclusion, in a way that effectively responds to the diverse needs of all learners. It takes into account the individual teaching and learning needs of all marginalized and vulnerable people, and persons with disabilities. Inclusive education aims at ensuring everybody is afforded equal rights and opportunities in education. [Handicap International, Policy Paper, July 2012]

Unfortunately, the built environment has been designed for the young, able-bodied, adult male which fits only a small percentage of the entire population of the world, where in actual fact there is no guarantee for one becoming able for a lifetime. [Dobkin et al., 1999] A preamble to the World Health Organization report on disability estimated that 700 million to 740 million persons making 10% of the total world populations of whom approximately 80% live in developing countries, are persons living with various forms of disabilities or impairments which reduce their ability to effectively or safely use many building facilities [WHO, 1997].

In Kenya, the 2007 Kenya National Survey for Persons with Disabilities [KNSPWD], the first survey of its kind to be conducted in Kenya, found that around 4.6% of the population, or 1.8 million Kenyans, have various types of disabilities. Moreover, institutions or schools that are specially designed for persons with disabilities make the students feel segregated because they are excluded from the mainstream education and society.

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