Water, sanitation conditions and implications for child survival in Kenya: a review of statistical evidence from the 1999 census of population

Water supply and sanitation are important requisites for basic human needs and primary health care. Their
inadequate provision has far reaching economic and humanitarian consequences. In Kenya this is well expressed
in terms of child mortality. This paper analyses the mortality rate data from consecutive decennial population
censuses conducted in the country from 1979. Water sources and type of sanitation are significant determinants
of child mortality, as in any other developing country. The paper includes policy recommendations to help
combat water- and sanitation- based child mortality – e.g. enforcing public health regulations, and making
public investment in water and water treatment at point of use.
Key words: water supply, sanitation, child mortality, developing countries, Kenya