The Transformation of Turkana Traditional Architecture A case study of homesteads in Lodwar town and its suburbs.

The Turkana tribe originally came from the Karamojong region of North-Eastern Uganda. Turkana tribe is part of the Nilotic tribes and constitutes the second largest pastoralist community in Kenya after the Maasais.They speak the Turkana language, which is Nilotic and similar to the Maasai language. The land they occupy is harsh and very dry. The Turkanas were, therefore, less affected by colonialism than other tribes because the British saw little value in their land.

The Turkana people live in the present day Turkana County, the North West part of the country. They predominantly occupy the whole county. The land is vastly semi-desert apart from a few riverine environments along the rivers and the lake region.
The environment is the major factor determining the type of architecture of the people and their way of life. The land is vastly plain with a few mountains and ranges sprout-ing spontaneously. These hills and ranges tend mostly in the North-south direction fol-lowing the general structure of the eastern rift valley.

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