PROVISION FOR WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION; STUDY OF THE MATHARE VALLEY NAIROBI KENYA

Water supply and sanitation are two of the most important sectors in development. Access to water
supply and sanitation are basic human needs and rights. Worldwide, 71% of the rural population has
access to improved water supply and 38% has access to improved sanitation. In rural Africa, 47% of the
population has access to improved water supply and 45% has access to improved sanitation, and in rural
kenya the percentages are 61% and 58%, respectively. The objective of this study was to assess the
water supply and sanitation situation in the village of mathare in nairobi county kenya. By conducting an
assessment one can determine water supply and sanitation coverage and identify water supply and
sanitation problems in the village and then propose solutions to improve water supply and sanitation
coverage. Water supply coverage is defined as the percentage of the population with access to safe
(improved) water supplies that provide 20 liters/person/day within one kilometer of the household
compound. Sanitation coverage is defined as the percentage of the population with access to adequate
(improved) sanitation facilities that hygienically separate human excreta from human contact. When this
study was conducted, the village had a population of 836 and was comprised of 46 households with an
average household size of 18 persons. Forty-four households were included in the survey. There were 38
water sources in the village. The two types x of water supply technologies present were hand dug wells
and borehole pumps. There are three types of hand dug wells: improved traditional wells, not improved
traditional wells, and modern wells. Well depths ranged from 5.2 to 9.0 meters. Twenty-seven of the 38
water sources had water available year round, and all households had access to a water source with
year round availability. The distance traveled to collect water ranged from 3 to 260 meters and the
average distance traveled was 44 meters. Although all households had reasonable access to a water
supply, not all households collected water from an improved source. The only improved water supply
technologies in the village were two borehole pumps. Simple pit latrines were the only type of

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