EMERGING BUILDING TRENDS IN MOMBASA – A CRITIQUE

"The real estate sector in Kenya has seen a boom over the years, this was as a result of the"
"property market responding to increased demand for housing. The resulting effect was the emergence of new architectural design approaches that are aimed at meeting consumer needs and prevailing market trends. However, architecturally the design of these upcoming buildings do not meet the basic design requirements and considerations that are necessary when designing for the coastal region of Kenya. This has made these buildings not to fit into their context. This study will therefore seek to understand the prevailing architectural trends at the Kenyan coastal city of Mombasa and conservation and environmental strategies that can be employed in building design to support the contemporary trends in this region. This study outlines the findings from buildings purposively selected with emphasis on Location (Mombasa), Climatic Zone (Warm and Humid Climate), Construction and Building Technology (Materials and Construction Techniques). The design strategies investigated to be appropriate for this region include: The findings show that most of the upcoming buildings in Mombasa do not observe the above design strategies that are key when designing for warm and humid regions like Mombasa. Also the findings show that designers and developers are not keen to preserve and conserve the heritage of the coastal town of Mombasa that is rich in Swahili architecture. Courtyards, single banked spaces to allow for cross-ventilation, sun shading, views, natural ventilation and natural lighting are important to be incorporated in the design of buildings in warm and humid climate regions. In case of warm humid climate, building principles employed are open plan design of site planning and spaces, raising the building above ground to allow for air movement, orientation of buildings to capture indirect wind and sun and use of locally available heavy materials to"
"cater for heat gain and noise reduction."

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