Underwater facilities

Underwater facilities are a typology of design that has drawn the attention architects globally and is expected to be embraced by people due to current global warming effects of rising levels of sea water and in deed the quest to explore the universe. The underwater environment is expected to be an alternative habitation and recreational area. A lot of effects has been put on research around the world to determine if this environment can utilise to sustain both human and aquatic life. The opportunity to understand the technology that would be best suited for this environment with the least minimum impacts on the ecosystem and suitable for specific region is a chance the author felt prudent to explore.
The author embarked on this dissertation seeking to understand and establish the best technology applicable within the East African region for underwater facilities. To achieve this, the case study method was chosen with a facility with the region analysed in comparison to other facilities globally. This meant understanding the evolution of these facilities and the technological advancement that came with. The Manta underwater room in Pemba Tanzania was chosen as the most viable case study within the East African region while the Poseidon Resort in Fiji and the Aquarius research facility in Key Largo Florida United States of America chosen as the two facilities that provided a triangulation basis. The author visited the Manta underwater room observing, interviewing, taking photographs and analytically analysing it to examine the aforementioned issues.
The results were not as expected perhaps because the manta underwater room achieved almost the optimum requirements for the best underwater facility within the region. The facility in itself is faced with challenges of design and those it is prudent to state the author found recommended solutions would apply as advised in the literature review. The different typologies of underwater facilities were compared in terms of the advantages and disadvantages of choosing either of them. The triangulation method was helpful in coming up with suitable recommendations for a facility suitable for whichever level of water one intends to construct.
In conclusion, the author was able to examine and establish the best practises that could be employed by an architect or a player in the built environment in the design of underwater facilities. It is imperative to note that further research is required to explore into depth on the effects of

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