Energy efficient industrial design: The case of Export processing zones in athiriver

ABSTRACT

Before industrial revolution, inco-operating passive design strategies was not a big challenge since the buildings had shallow plans. However with invention of new materials such as steel, cement and glass brought about buildings with deep plans. This became a bigger challenge for architects in designing buildings to in cooperate natural lighting and ventilation. Most architects and designers ignored the challenge and instead maximised on the use of artificial lighting that was invented during this period. This made designing of industrial buildings a mere element of protection from the environment that surrounded an artificially lit and air conditioned space.

Modern day industrial buildings rely heavily on mechanical means of ventilation and artificial lighting. This consumes significant amount of energy. The main objective of this study is to study on how ventilation and lighting can be achieved in industrial buildings without consuming a lot of energy.

The author, through extensive literature study identifies passive cooling and day lighting strategies that can be in cooperated in building design to make them energy efficient. This culminates in a field study where the author studies two buildings(Alltex Garments and New Wide Garment) within Athi- river Export processing zone to establish the performance industrial buildings in relation to thermal comfort and lighting. It is evident that buildings that employed passive design strategies perform better while those that didn't consumed considerable amounts of energy.

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