THE PLANNING AND DESIGN OF HOSPITALS: A comparative analysis of the hospital design typologies.

ABSTRACT
Hospitals may be thought of as icons of pain, sickness and distress, but they are also icons of healing, life, family and hope. They are therefore important buildings for any community. The planning and design of hospitals has a great impact on the stress levels (to staff & visitors) and to the patient’s recovery period.
The main factor which differentiates hospitals from other buildings is that no other building type presents such a diverse spectrum of occupants with varying physical and emotional needs. The hospital is therefore a complex building type. A deep understanding of the inter-relationship of the parts and their relationship in-turn to the whole hospital is required to make a meticulous healing environment.
Hospital planning can be grouped into two types; the horizontal hospital and the vertical hospital. The success of these two types cannot be overstated; however they are characterized by their own unique challenges. It’s precisely because of the limitations exhibited in the two hospital types and their typologies that a conceptual framework is needed to clearly understand the creation of a proper healing environment

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