URBAN HEAT ISLAND IMPACTS IN WARM HUMID CLIMATE

Urbanization in Africa’s developing countries is evidently growing leading to alteration of natural surfaces and
increased human activity hence modifies the climate over the cities that affect human comfort and his environment.
This fact coupled with increasing global temperatures makes the environment unsustainable in-terms of resource
utilization and spells doom to the future of our generations. The research therefore aims at establishing the existence of
urban heat islands in the city of Mombasa, its causes, impacts on buildings and possible mitigation measures. This study
examined the variations in outdoor and indoor temperatures in Mombasa city with the aim of understanding the
existence, intensity and impacts of urban heat islands on buildings. A systematic approach to the collection and
analysis of data was established in order to achieve the objectives set out in the beginning of the study. The study
utilized urban morphology, building analysis and environmental analysis with a view to understanding the interaction
between the outdoor and indoor environments. The findings of this work are therefore important in explaining the
urban micro-climate in the city of Mombasa and its impacts on buildings and help in recommending on the way
forward as far as sustainable urban development and building design is concerned.
 

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