SAVANNA RESPONSIVE ARCHITECTURE

It is a general held view that in the tropical countries traditional houses are more sympathetic to
prevailing climate and provide good levels of human comfort to their users. The buildings usually
comprise simple technological and low economic levels of building development that are
influenced mostly by local culture and climate that appear, at first glance and by higher
technological standards, elementary. However, more often than not these buildings are in fact
designed and built by people using their intelligence ability and resources to the fullest extent
devoid of the presumed sophisticated western standards and styles. A typical traditional building
of earth, as the one in fig 1.1, maintains a high level of internal comfort regardless of prevailing
solar radiation outside. As the temperatures are expected to rise due to the debatable increase
in levels of green house gases from global warming activities, with residential buildings playing a
major role as illustrated in fig 1.2, it may be necessary to promote the construction of such
structures. There lies a lot of potential in combination of modern technology with the earth
bricks, stone and straw bale (thatch) so as to produce new generation homes and buildings that
require no mechanical conditioning during weather extremes.
However this said, Kenya and most African countries have borrowed directly universal designs
and are moving away from their traditional designs. This is more so because the traditional
buildings are associated with primitivism and low social status and every other person intends to
own at least one of these modern presumed prestigious buildings. This is not usually wrong but in
most cases these universal designs are not sympathetic to their new climate conditions and end
up with building interiors that are not comfortable and even more significantly not respect the
cultural values of the people.
In the lowlands Taita region of coast province in Kenya this situation has resulted into a mixture of
buildings from the earth and thatch traditional house to the modern cement plastered
corrugated iron sheet houses. This research sets then to evaluate the responsiveness of these
buildings to the local climate, the savanna, irrespective of their origin and in the end establish
design strategies that can be employed in the area to fully respond to the extremes of this
climate within the current technical know how and with respect to the culture of the local
people.
 

Documentation : 
AttachmentSize
COMPLETE THESIS 24 02 2014.pdf9.87 MB
001 PRELIMINARIES.pdf11.86 MB
002 INTRO IMAGE.pdf11.94 MB
003 LOCATION PLAN.pdf13.02 MB
004 SITE PLAN.pdf13.84 MB
005 LOWER GROUND FLOOR PLAN.pdf9.52 MB
006 GROUND FLOOR PLAN.pdf14.5 MB
008 SECTION 01.pdf2.3 MB
009 SECTION 02.pdf1.5 MB
010 SECTION 04.pdf28.69 MB
011 ELEVATIONS.pdf4 MB
012 DETAILED PLAN 01.pdf2.87 MB
013 DETAIL PLAN 002.pdf2.94 MB
014 DETAILED PART PLAN.pdf8.29 MB
015 DETAILED PART SECTION.pdf14.94 MB
016 DETAILED PART SECTION.pdf29.92 MB
017 DETAILED PART SECTION 3D.pdf16.97 MB
018 DETAILS.pdf25.18 MB
001 REPORT PRELIMINARIES.pdf2.75 MB
002 SITE PLAN.pdf3.64 MB
003 LOWER GROUND.pdf12.75 MB
004 GROUND FLOOR PLAN.pdf17.84 MB
005 SECTIONS.pdf3.9 MB
006 DETAILED SECTION.pdf6.19 MB
007 DETAILED SECTION.pdf13.04 MB
008 DETAILS.pdf25.11 MB
009 IMAGE 01.pdf14.31 MB
010 IMAGE 02.pdf11.67 MB

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