Transformation of the Luo Built Form in Peri-urban Kisumu; Case of Manyatta.

1.1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The name Kisumu originated from the Luo term ‘Kisuma’ which means a meeting
place for the purpose of exchange of goods, (Anyumba, 1995). Kisumu city,
formerly known as Port Florence was originally constituted as a terminus for the
Uganda Railways and an internal port in 1901 and has developed into the leading
commercial/ trading, industrial, communication and administrative centre in the
lake Victoria basin which includes the former Nyanza, Western and Rift Valley
provinces. It serves as the trading and communication confluence to the great
lakes region; Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, due to its position.
In 2000, Kisumu was declared a city; the third in Kenya. Its state as an important
economic centre has triggered massive rural- urban migration making it grow from
a humble colonial outpost to a bulging city. Kisumu’s population during the colonial
period was quite low as the town housed Europeans and Asians only. Africans were
restricted to the ‘native reserves’ and were not considered part of the town’s
population. Kisumu County’s population has grown to 968,909 according to the
2009 population census data almost double that in the year 2000.
 

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