This area covers Urbanism and issues in Urban design. Urban structure and patterns of urban development with special reference to East African Region.
Design principles elements and components in urban design, their relevance in urban fabric and function, spatial relationships, issues of growth, image and meaning structure. Systems for circulation, Transportation, Communication, Services etc. Issues of Redevelopment, renewal, conservation and conversion of land uses and Buildings.
Floor space index and density controls, By-laws and planning regulations.